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Biofuel sustainability and the formation of transnational hybrid governance

Ponte, Stefano; Daugbjerg, Carsten


We examine the transnational governance of biofuel sustainability and its coexistence with the WTO trade regime. The way in which the EU Renewable Energy Directive (RED) is shaping transnational biofuel governance shows deep and mutual dependence between public and private. The EU relies on a private system of compliance and verification, but private certification schemes are dependent on the incentives provided by RED to expand commercially. A second layer of hybridity in this governance...[Show more]

CollectionsANU Research Publications
Date published: 2015
Type: Journal article
Source: Environmental Politics
DOI: 10.1080/09644016.2014.954776


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