White, Stephen; McAllister, Ian
The expansion of democracy following the collapse of communism in 1989–1990
led many to believe that democratic institutions would rapidly take root. However, over the
past decade, electoral malpractice has become widespread, casting doubt on democratic consolidation.
This paper examines the causes and consequences of weak electoral integrity in
Belarus, Russia, and the Ukraine. Using a series of opinion surveys conducted since 2000,
we show that public perceptions of electoral unfairness...[Show more]
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