In the years 1901-1905 a school system modelled on those of Japan
and Europe was introduced in China, after much debate, by a government
anxious to use education to strengthen the country internally against the
foreign threat. Contradictions unforeseen by its sponsors arose between
the new system and the society to which it was introduced. Deep-rooted
indigenous educational institutions, especially the sishu or traditional
private school, showed surprising powers of resilience. The new...[Show more]
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