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Modelling the emergence of shared attitudes from group dynamics using an agent-based model of social comparison theory

Van Rooy, Dirk; Wood, Ian; Tran, Eric

Description

We propose a novel agent-based implementation of Festinger’s social comparison theory (SCT). The social comparison model (SCM) consists of connectionist networks that simu- late agent-level social comparison processes. Agent networks are combined into an adap- tive network structure that is shaped by social comparisons between individual agents. Simulations show how the SCM produces behavior consistent with the empirical litera- ture on group dynamics. In addition, experimental results are...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorVan Rooy, Dirk
dc.contributor.authorWood, Ian
dc.contributor.authorTran, Eric
dc.date.accessioned2015-04-07T00:31:24Z
dc.date.available2015-04-07T00:31:24Z
dc.identifier.issn10927026
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/13172
dc.description.abstractWe propose a novel agent-based implementation of Festinger’s social comparison theory (SCT). The social comparison model (SCM) consists of connectionist networks that simu- late agent-level social comparison processes. Agent networks are combined into an adap- tive network structure that is shaped by social comparisons between individual agents. Simulations show how the SCM produces behavior consistent with the empirical litera- ture on group dynamics. In addition, experimental results are reported that show how the SCM can simulate how critical and conformist norms affect interpersonal processes and emergent attitudes. We conclude that the coupling of simulations and experiments, and the use of psychologically plausible agent models within adaptive network struc- tures, can provide new impetus to the development of models of individual and social cognition. An integrated framework such as the SCM allows investigating key theoretical predictions around the origin and maintenance of socially shared information through so- cial comparisons in fundamentally novel ways.
dc.publisherWiley
dc.rights© 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. http://olabout.wiley.com/WileyCDA/Section/id-820227.html The submitted version of an article is the author's version that has not been peer-reviewed, nor had any value added to it by Wiley (such as formatting or copy editing). The submitted version may be placed on: • the author's personal website • the author's company/institutional repository or archive • not for profit subject-based preprint servers or repositories http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/issn/1092-7026/ Author can - some journals have separate policies, please check with each journal directly. On author's personal website, institutional repositories, arXiv, AgEcon, PhilPapers, PubMed Central, RePEc or Social Science Research Networkarchive pre-print (ie pre-refereeing). Author's pre-print may not be updated with Publisher's Version/PDF. Author's pre-print must acknowledge acceptance for publication. (Sherpa/Romeo as of 30/6/2015).
dc.sourceSystems Research and Behavioral Science
dc.subjectagent-based modelling
dc.subjectconnectionism
dc.subjectsocial comparison theory
dc.subjectgroup dynamics
dc.subjectpolarization
dc.titleModelling the emergence of shared attitudes from group dynamics using an agent-based model of social comparison theory
dc.typeJournal article
local.identifier.citationvolumeOnline early version
dcterms.dateAccepted2014-09-06
dc.date.issued2014
local.identifier.absfor170101 - Biological Psychology (Neuropsychology, Psychopharmacology, Physiological Psychology)
local.identifier.ariespublicationu4334215xPUB1401
local.publisher.urlhttp://au.wiley.com/
local.type.statusSubmitted Version
local.contributor.affiliationVan Rooy, Dirk, School of Psychology, CMBE Research School of Psychology, The Australian National University
local.contributor.affiliationWood,Ian, College of Engineering and Computer Science, The Australian National University
local.contributor.affiliationTran, Eric, Research School of Psychology, College of Medicine, Biology and Environment, The Australian National University
local.identifier.essn1099-1743
local.bibliographicCitation.startpage1
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpage17
local.identifier.doi10.1002/sres.2321
local.identifier.absseo970111 - Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
dc.date.updated2016-06-14T09:02:31Z
local.identifier.scopusID2-s2.0-84958818231
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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