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Trade and welfare consequences of land-lockedness : theory and empirical evidence from developing countries

Gautam, Lakshman Kumar


The purpose of this study is to analyse, both theoretically and empirically, the international trade and economic welfare consequences for land-locked developing countries of having no direct access to the sea. More specifically, the study aims firstly to show that the natural barrier to overseas trade due to land-lockedness is substantial, compared with both the value of goods they trade internationally, the natural barrier due to ocean shipping costs and the governmental barriers due...[Show more]

CollectionsOpen Access Theses
Date published: 1978-10
Type: Thesis (Masters)


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