Skip navigation
Skip navigation

Poor mental health influences risk and duration of unemployment: a prospective study

Butterworth, Peter; Leach, L. S.; Pirkis, Jane; Kelaher, Margaret

Description

PURPOSE: The current paper aims to investigate the role of mental health in determining future employment status. Much of the previous longitudinal and prospective research has focused on how unemployment adversely influences mental health, while the reverse causal direction has received much less attention. METHODS: This study uses five waves of data from 5,846 respondents in the HILDA survey, a nationally representative household panel survey conducted annually since 2001. Prospective...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorButterworth, Peter
dc.contributor.authorLeach, L. S.
dc.contributor.authorPirkis, Jane
dc.contributor.authorKelaher, Margaret
dc.date.accessioned2015-03-05T22:53:07Z
dc.date.available2015-03-05T22:53:07Z
dc.identifier.issn0933-7954
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/12825
dc.description.abstractPURPOSE: The current paper aims to investigate the role of mental health in determining future employment status. Much of the previous longitudinal and prospective research has focused on how unemployment adversely influences mental health, while the reverse causal direction has received much less attention. METHODS: This study uses five waves of data from 5,846 respondents in the HILDA survey, a nationally representative household panel survey conducted annually since 2001. Prospective analyses followed a group of respondents who were not unemployed at baseline across four subsequent years and investigated whether baseline mental health was associated with subsequent unemployment. RESULTS: Baseline mental health status was a significant predictor of overall time spent unemployed for both men and women. Decomposing this overall effect identified sex differences. For women but not men, baseline mental health was associated with risk of experiencing any subsequent unemployment whereas for men but not women mental health was associated with the duration of unemployment amongst those who experienced unemployment. CONCLUSIONS: By following a group of respondents who were not unemployed over time, we showed that poor mental health predicted subsequent unemployment. On average, men and women who experienced symptoms of common mental disorders spent greater time over the next 4 years unemployed than those with better mental health but there were sex differences in the nature of this effect. These findings highlight the importance of mental health in the design and delivery of employment and welfare policy.
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was supported by the National Health and Medical Research Council Career Development Award 525410 to P. B.
dc.publisherSpringer Verlag
dc.rights© Springer-Verlag 2011
dc.sourceSocial Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
dc.subjectAdult
dc.subjectAustralia
dc.subjectDiagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
dc.subjectEmployment
dc.subjectFemale
dc.subjectFinancing, Personal
dc.subjectHealth Status Indicators
dc.subjectHumans
dc.subjectLife Change Events
dc.subjectLogistic Models
dc.subjectMale
dc.subjectMental Disorders
dc.subjectMental Health
dc.subjectMiddle Aged
dc.subjectOccupational Health
dc.subjectOccupations
dc.subjectProspective Studies
dc.subjectPsychometrics
dc.subjectResidence Characteristics
dc.subjectRisk Factors
dc.subjectSex Distribution
dc.subjectStress, Psychological
dc.subjectUnemployment
dc.subjectSocial Class
dc.titlePoor mental health influences risk and duration of unemployment: a prospective study
dc.typeJournal article
local.identifier.citationvolume47
dcterms.dateAccepted2011-06-03
dc.date.issued2011-06-17
local.identifier.absfor111714 - Mental Health
local.identifier.ariespublicationf2965xPUB2198
local.publisher.urlhttp://link.springer.com/
local.type.statusPublished version
local.contributor.affiliationButterworth, P, Centre for Mental Health Research, The Australian National University
local.contributor.affiliationLeach, L. S., Centre for Mental Health Research, The Australian National University
dc.relationhttp://purl.org/au-research/grants/nhmrc/525410
local.identifier.essn1433-9285
local.bibliographicCitation.issue6
local.bibliographicCitation.startpage1013
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpage1021
local.identifier.doi10.1007/s00127-011-0409-1
local.identifier.absseo920413 - Social Structure and Health
dc.date.updated2015-12-10T11:51:47Z
local.identifier.scopusID2-s2.0-84863726764
local.identifier.thomsonID000304171300018
CollectionsANU Research Publications

Download

There are no files associated with this item.


Items in Open Research are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

Updated:  19 May 2020/ Responsible Officer:  University Librarian/ Page Contact:  Library Systems & Web Coordinator