Social change in the West Sumatran village : 1908-1945
This is a study of social change in the West Sumatran village from the introduction of monetary taxation in 1908 to the end of the Japanese occupation in 1945. The study begins with the reconstruction of the pre-Dutch village social structure, characterized as an entity with a high degree of autonomy and a relatively closed society based on subsistence economy and led by lineage heads. The nature of the villages began to be undermined after the introduction of monetary taxation in 1908;...[Show more]
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