Trade, raid, slave : the socio-economic patterns of the Sulu zone, 1770-1898
TWO perspectives have dominated the historiography of the Sulu zone and have tended to obscure the complex but integrated patterns of trade, raiding and slavery. On the one hand the 'decay theory' has presented Muslim marauding as a symptom of the decline of trade and the deterioration of the Malayo-Muslim state. On the other, raiding is interpreted within the framework of the 'Moro Wars' as retaliation against Spanish colonialism and religious incursion. Both theories have...[Show more]
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