The Commonwealth of Australia came into being on the
first day of the twentieth century. Henceforth, the people
of New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia, Queensland,Tasmania,
and Western Australia were united in 'one indissoluble
Federal Commonwealth under the Crown of the United Kingdom.'
The Constitution, the formal document under which the new
creation was to operate, empowered the Commonwealth
Parliament to legislate on a number of subjects.
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