The contrasting life-styles of the Chinese imperial bureaucratic
state resting on a basis of sedentary agriculture, and the nomadism of
the northern steppes where changing political alignments rested more
directly on personal loyalties, entered an uneasy period of symbiosis
in the fourth and fifth centuries AD when the nomads conquered northern
China. With the establishment of the Northern Wei state and Northern Wei
dynastic line at the end of the fourth century, the inflexibility of...[Show more]
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