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Rural output, inputs and mechanization in Victoria 1870-1910

McLean, Ian Warwick

Description

This study is divided into two parts. In Part I the contours of rural development in Victoria between 1870 and 1910 are described through the estimation of annual series of aggregate rural output and capital stock and decennial estimates of the rural workforce« Because of the limited range of available quantitative material and its frequently poor quality, much of the discussion in the text is concerned with problems associated with these historical statistics« Analysis of the...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorMcLean, Ian Warwick
dc.date.accessioned2017-08-08T01:40:40Z
dc.date.available2017-08-08T01:40:40Z
dc.date.copyright1971
dc.identifier.otherb1014436
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/123195
dc.description.abstractThis study is divided into two parts. In Part I the contours of rural development in Victoria between 1870 and 1910 are described through the estimation of annual series of aggregate rural output and capital stock and decennial estimates of the rural workforce« Because of the limited range of available quantitative material and its frequently poor quality, much of the discussion in the text is concerned with problems associated with these historical statistics« Analysis of the resulting time series indicates a fairly steady long-run rate of growth in rural production despite the end of the extensive geographical spread of farming in the 1870s and sharp fluctuations in the level of output between 1895 and 1905» The composition of rural activity in Victoria was different from that for Australia as a whole in the smaller role played by the pastoral industry and the larger contribution of dairying. The sources of this expansion of output appear to have changed significantly around the turn of the century: about two-thirds of the measured increases in labour productivity and half that in technological change between 187O and 1910 occurred in the last decade of the period. Part II is concerned specifically with rural mechanisation in Victoria - a change in production technology regarded by historians as central to any explanation of the rural development of the period, yet nowhere the subject of close examination. A survey is made of the circumstances surrounding the introduction and adoption of some of the more important cultivation and harvesting machines introduced, the inter-regional pattern of machinery usage during the 1870s, and the extent to which Victorian farmers relied on overseas machines or machinery designs during the late nineteenth century« Before the 1890s, mechanisation was confined principally to the two farm functions of cultivation and harvesting, only later spreading to planting, dairying and other activities» Long time lags were commonly found between the initial introduction and widespread acceptance of most major innovations. And, despite a concentration in the literature on the importance of Australian machinery inventions, machines of North American manufacture or design were found to have made a large and increasing contribution during the period to satisfying the Victorian farmer's machinery requirements.
dc.format.extent1 v.
dc.language.isoen
dc.subject.lcshAgriculture Australia Victoria
dc.subject.lcshFarm mechanization Australia Victoria
dc.titleRural output, inputs and mechanization in Victoria 1870-1910
dc.typeThesis (PhD)
local.contributor.supervisorCain, N.
dcterms.valid1971
local.description.notesThis thesis has been made available through exception 200AB to the Copyright Act.
local.type.degreeDoctor of Philosophy (PhD)
dc.date.issued1971
local.identifier.doi10.25911/5d6c3dc7062ca
dc.date.updated2017-07-28T04:20:22Z
local.identifier.proquestYes
local.mintdoimint
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