Skip navigation
Skip navigation

Exchange and environment : local officials and poverty alleviation policy in South India

Gebert, Rita Ingrid

Description

This thesis examines the local development officials’ implementation in Tamil Nadu of a rural poverty alleviation policy--the Integrated Rural Development Program (IRDP)--using resource exchange theory. Resource exchange has not been used previously in the context of local administration. I argue, however, that it offers a good explanation of the local administrator’s allocation of policy resources because it sees this allocation in terms of his political and socio-economic environment. The...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorGebert, Rita Ingrid
dc.date.accessioned2017-07-19T04:02:29Z
dc.date.available2017-07-19T04:02:29Z
dc.date.copyright1988
dc.identifier.otherb1707018
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/119327
dc.description.abstractThis thesis examines the local development officials’ implementation in Tamil Nadu of a rural poverty alleviation policy--the Integrated Rural Development Program (IRDP)--using resource exchange theory. Resource exchange has not been used previously in the context of local administration. I argue, however, that it offers a good explanation of the local administrator’s allocation of policy resources because it sees this allocation in terms of his political and socio-economic environment. The official’s environment in the community development block gives rise to many, sometimes conflicting, demands for the resources under his control (thus severely his time). He exchanges policy resources with the resource rich to satisfy as many of these demands as possible, and to gain valuable resources in return, such as help in implementing other policies. By exchanging resources the administrator more easily satisfies demands for resource allocations from politicians (who have some control over administrative transfers and promotions), and from senior administrators who want program targets achieved. Importantly, he also minimises the time he needs to spend with each policy. I argue that the current, "management-style" development policy and administration literature, which also reflects the attitudes of many senior administrators in India, is both a historical and a contextual. Its authors fail to explain the local official’s implementation of rural development policy, largely because they view him as acting either "pathologically" or "irrationally," rather than as responding as best he can to the most important demands arising from his environment. In terms of IRDP, which seeks to raise people’s incomes above the "poverty line" through subsidised loans for "productive assets," the block officials have of necessity ignored most of its time consuming rules of implementation. They have met IRDP’s targets by trading a large percentage of its resources to "loan brokers" who choose the program beneficiaries and complete program minutiae for the officials in exchange for other administratively-controlled resources. These brokers, many of whom have profited handsomely from IRDP, are little concerned with the poor beneficiaries’ welfare, and the latter have seldom benefited from taking ERDP loans.
dc.format.extent195 p
dc.language.isoen
dc.subject.lcshIntegrated Rural Development Programme (India)
dc.subject.lcshLocal government India Tamil Nadu
dc.subject.lcshPoor Economic conditionsIndia Tamil Nadu
dc.subject.lcshTamil Nadu (India) Economic conditions
dc.titleExchange and environment : local officials and poverty alleviation policy in South India
dc.typeThesis (PhD)
dcterms.valid1988
local.description.notesThis thesis has been made available through exception 200AB to the Copyright Act.
local.type.degreeDoctor of Philosophy (PhD)
dc.date.issued1988-12
dc.date.updated2017-06-30T22:40:34Z
CollectionsOpen Access Theses

Download

File Description SizeFormat Image
b17070181_Gebert_Rita_Ingrid.pdf29.43 MBAdobe PDFThumbnail


Items in Open Research are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

Updated:  20 July 2017/ Responsible Officer:  University Librarian/ Page Contact:  Library Systems & Web Coordinator