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Gender differences in alcohol consumption among middle-aged and older adults in Australia, the United States and Korea

French, Davina J; Sargent-Cox, Kerry A; Kim, Sarang; Anstey, Kaarin

Description

OBJECTIVES: To compare gender differences in alcohol use and the socioeconomic correlates of at-risk drinking among middle-aged and older adults in Australia, the United States (US) and South Korea. METHOD: Data were drawn from large nationally representative surveys of people aged 45 years and older, collected in 2006. RESULTS: Rates of any drinking and at-risk drinking (>14 US standard drinks/week) were higher for males than females in all countries and these gender differences were largest...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorFrench, Davina J
dc.contributor.authorSargent-Cox, Kerry A
dc.contributor.authorKim, Sarang
dc.contributor.authorAnstey, Kaarin
dc.date.accessioned2014-07-31T04:30:32Z
dc.date.available2014-07-31T04:30:32Z
dc.identifier.issn1326-0200
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/11930
dc.description.abstractOBJECTIVES: To compare gender differences in alcohol use and the socioeconomic correlates of at-risk drinking among middle-aged and older adults in Australia, the United States (US) and South Korea. METHOD: Data were drawn from large nationally representative surveys of people aged 45 years and older, collected in 2006. RESULTS: Rates of any drinking and at-risk drinking (>14 US standard drinks/week) were higher for males than females in all countries and these gender differences were largest in Korea. Socioeconomic differentials for at-risk drinking varied by country and gender. In the US, at-risk drinking was associated with lower educational levels among men, but higher educational levels among women; in Korea, it was associated with being unpartnered, particularly for women; and in Australia, at-risk drinking was associated with higher income. CONCLUSIONS: Gender-role expectations differ between countries and may influence both the levels at which older adults consume alcohol and the ways in which at-risk drinking is associated with socioeconomic factors. IMPLICATIONS: Heavy alcohol use in middle-aged and older adults is a cause for concern. Health promotion strategies should target older age groups and consider the ways in which gender, marital status and education influence norms and opportunities for risky alcohol use.
dc.description.sponsorshipThis paper uses unit record data from the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) Survey. The HILDA Project was initiated and is funded by the Australian Government Department of Family, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs (FaHCSIA) and is managed by the Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research (MIAESR). HRS is sponsored by the National Institute of Aging (Grant No. NIA U01AG009740) and conducted by the University of Michigan. KLoSA is conducted by the Korean Labor Institute and funded by the Korean Ministry of Labor through the Employment Insurance Fund.
dc.format8 pages
dc.publisherWiley
dc.rights© 2014 Public Health Association of Australia
dc.sourceAustralian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health (early view)
dc.subjectgender difference
dc.subjectalcohol consumption
dc.subjectAustralia
dc.subjectSouth Korea
dc.subjectUnited States
dc.titleGender differences in alcohol consumption among middle-aged and older adults in Australia, the United States and Korea
dc.typeJournal article
local.identifier.citationvolume38
dc.date.issued2014
local.identifier.absfor111714 - Mental Health
local.identifier.absfor111799 - Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
local.identifier.ariespublicationu4056230xPUB315
local.publisher.urlhttp://au.wiley.com/WileyCDA/
local.type.statusPublished version
local.contributor.affiliationAnstey, Kaarin J, The Australian National University
local.identifier.essn1753-6405
local.bibliographicCitation.issue4
local.bibliographicCitation.startpage332
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpage339
local.identifier.doi10.1111/1753-6405.12227
local.identifier.absseo920414 - Substance Abuse
dc.date.updated2015-12-09T09:57:11Z
local.identifier.scopusID2-s2.0-84905572697
local.identifier.thomsonID000340426500009
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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