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Estimating gambling venue catchments for impact assessment using a calibrated gravity model

Markham, Francis; Doran, Bruce; Young, Martin

Description

Gambling using electronic gaming machines has emerged as a significant public health issue. While social impact assessments are required prior to the granting of new gaming licenses in Australia, there are few established techniques for estimating the spatial distribution of a venue’s clientele. To this end, we calibrated a Huff model of gambling venue catchments based on a geocoded postal survey (n = 7,040). We investigated the impact of different venue attractiveness measures, distance...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorMarkham, Francis
dc.contributor.authorDoran, Bruce
dc.contributor.authorYoung, Martin
dc.date.accessioned2014-07-01T04:12:59Z
dc.identifier.issn1365-8816
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/11778
dc.description.abstractGambling using electronic gaming machines has emerged as a significant public health issue. While social impact assessments are required prior to the granting of new gaming licenses in Australia, there are few established techniques for estimating the spatial distribution of a venue’s clientele. To this end, we calibrated a Huff model of gambling venue catchments based on a geocoded postal survey (n = 7,040). We investigated the impact of different venue attractiveness measures, distance measures, distance decay functions, levels of spatial aggregation, and venue types on model fit and results. We then compared model estimates for different behavioural subgroups. Our calibrated spatial model is a significant improvement on previously published models, increasing R2 from 0.23 to 0.64. Venue catchments differ radically in size and intensity. As different population subgroups are attracted to different venues, there is no single best index of venue attractiveness applicable to all subpopulations. The calibrated Huff model represents a useful regulatory tool for predicting the extent and composition of gambling venue catchments. It may assist in decision making with regard to new license applications and evaluating the impact of health interventions such as mandated reductions in EGM numbers. Our calibrated parameters may be used to improve model accuracy in other jurisdictions.
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research was supported by the Community Benefit Fund of the Northern Territory Government; The Australian Research Council [Linkage Project LP0990584]; The Northern Territory Research and Innovation Board.
dc.format17 pages
dc.publisherTaylor & Francis
dc.rights© 2013 Taylor & Francis/http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/issn/1365-8816/Author can archive pre-print (ie pre-refereeing) and post-print (ie final draft post-refereeing) on institutional repository after a 12 months embargo period.
dc.sourceInternational Journal of Geographical Information Science 28. 2 (2014): 326–342
dc.source.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13658816.2013.838770
dc.subjectelectronic
dc.subjectgaming
dc.subjectmachines
dc.subjectproblem
dc.subjectgambling
dc.subjectgravity
dc.subjectmodel
dc.subjectvenues
dc.subjectcatchments
dc.titleEstimating gambling venue catchments for impact assessment using a calibrated gravity model
dc.typeJournal article
local.identifier.citationvolume28
dcterms.dateAccepted2013-08-25
dc.date.issued2014
local.identifier.absfor160403 - Social and Cultural Geography
local.identifier.absfor160499 - Human Geography not elsewhere classified
local.identifier.ariespublicationu4279067xPUB1010
local.publisher.urlhttp://www.tandfonline.com
local.type.statusAccepted Version
local.contributor.affiliationDoran, Bruce, The Australian National University
dc.relationhttp://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/lp0990584
local.bibliographicCitation.issue2
local.bibliographicCitation.startpage326
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpage342
local.identifier.doi10.1080/13658816.2013.838770
local.identifier.absseo870105 - Urban Planning
dc.date.updated2015-12-10T09:48:51Z
local.identifier.scopusID2-s2.0-84888049950
local.identifier.thomsonID000326562300007
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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