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A new generation of trade policy: potential risks to diet-related health from the Trans Pacific Partnership agreement

Gleeson, Deborah; Thow, Anne-Marie; Labonte, Ronald; Stuckler, David; Kay, Adrian; Snowdon, Wendy; Friel, Sharon

Description

Trade poses risks and opportunities to public health nutrition. This paper discusses the potential food-related public health risks of a radical new kind of trade agreement: the Trans Pacific Partnership agreement (TPP). Under negotiation since 2010, the TPP involves Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore, the USA, and Vietnam. Here, we review the international evidence on the relationships between trade agreements and diet-related health...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorGleeson, Deborah
dc.contributor.authorThow, Anne-Marie
dc.contributor.authorLabonte, Ronald
dc.contributor.authorStuckler, David
dc.contributor.authorKay, Adrian
dc.contributor.authorSnowdon, Wendy
dc.contributor.authorFriel, Sharon
dc.date.accessioned2014-05-20T05:47:34Z
dc.date.available2014-05-20T05:47:34Z
dc.identifier.issn1744-8603
dc.identifier.other1744-8603
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/11697
dc.description.abstractTrade poses risks and opportunities to public health nutrition. This paper discusses the potential food-related public health risks of a radical new kind of trade agreement: the Trans Pacific Partnership agreement (TPP). Under negotiation since 2010, the TPP involves Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore, the USA, and Vietnam. Here, we review the international evidence on the relationships between trade agreements and diet-related health and, where available, documents and leaked text from the TPP negotiations. Similar to other recent bilateral or regional trade agreements, we find that the TPP would propose tariffs reductions, foreign investment liberalisation and intellectual property protection that extend beyond provisions in the multilateral World Trade Organization agreements. The TPP is also likely to include strong investor protections, introducing major changes to domestic regulatory regimes to enable greater industry involvement in policy making and new avenues for appeal. Transnational food corporations would be able to sue governments if they try to introduce health policies that food companies claim violate their privileges in the TPP; even the potential threat of litigation could greatly curb governments’ ability to protect public health. Hence, we find that the TPP, emblematic of a new generation of 21st century trade policy, could potentially yield greater risks to health than prior trade agreements. Because the text of the TPP is secret until the countries involved commit to the agreement, it is essential for public health concerns to be articulated during the negotiation process. Unless the potential health consequences of each part of the text are fully examined and taken into account, and binding language is incorporated in the TPP to safeguard regulatory policy space for health, the TPP could be detrimental to public health nutrition. Health advocates and health-related policymakers must be proactive in their engagement with the trade negotiations.
dc.format7 pages
dc.publisherBioMed Central
dc.rightshttp://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/issn/1744-8603/ "...author can archive pre-print (ie pre-refereeing), post-print (ie final draft post-refereeing) and publisher's version/PDF..." from SHERPA/RoMEO site (as at 20/05/14)
dc.sourceGlobalization and Health 9 (2013)
dc.source.urihttp://www.globalizationandhealth.com/content/9/1/46
dc.subjecttrade policy
dc.subjectfree trade agreements
dc.subjectinvestment treaties
dc.subjectfood and nutrition
dc.subjecthealth inequity
dc.titleA new generation of trade policy: potential risks to diet-related health from the Trans Pacific Partnership agreement
dc.typeJournal article
local.identifier.citationvolume9
dcterms.dateAccepted2013-08-02
dc.date.issued2013-10-16
local.identifier.absfor180117 - International Trade Law
local.identifier.absfor111708 - Health and Community Services
local.identifier.ariespublicationu4657781xPUB50
local.publisher.urlhttp://www.biomedcentral.com/
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationFriel, Sharon, ANU College of Medicine, Biology & Environment
dc.relationhttp://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/dp130101478
dc.relationhttp://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/ft0991462
local.bibliographicCitation.issue46
local.bibliographicCitation.startpage1
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpage7
local.identifier.doi10.1186/1744-8603-9-46
local.identifier.absseo920204 - Evaluation of Health Outcomes
local.identifier.absseo910301 - International Agreements on Trade
dc.date.updated2015-12-08T03:41:08Z
local.identifier.scopusID2-s2.0-84885455002
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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