Striving to reach "heaven's gate" : Javanese adaptations to swamp and upland environments in Kalimantan
This thesis focuses on the interrelationship between Javanese transmigrants and their new environments in the Outer Islands, specifically how particular groups adapted to and survived in the harsh environments of tidal swamps and an upland area in Kalimantan. The Javanese in the study settlements faced great difficulties in coping with these unfamiliar environments, particularly in the unique swamp ecosystems of South Kalimantan where according to them, 'water manipulates people', as...[Show more]
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