This thesis focuses on the interrelationship between Javanese transmigrants
and their new environments in the Outer Islands, specifically how particular
groups adapted to and survived in the harsh environments of tidal swamps and an
upland area in Kalimantan. The Javanese in the study settlements faced great
difficulties in coping with these unfamiliar environments, particularly in the
unique swamp ecosystems of South Kalimantan where according to them, 'water
manipulates people', as...[Show more]
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