Chow, Wah Soon; Jia, Husen; Liggins, John R.
Photosynthetic membrane sacs (thylakoids) of plants form granal stacks interconnected by non-stacked thylakoids, thereby being able to fine-tune (1) photosynthesis, (2) photoprotection and (3) acclimation to the environment. Growth in low light leads to the formation of large grana, which sometimes contain as many as 160 thylakoids. The net surface charge of thylakoid membranes is negative, even in low-light-grown plants, so an attractive force is required to overcome the electrostatic...[Show more]
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