Australia and New Zealand are regarded in some parts of the world as almost one country. This is not the way they regard themselves, and the sense of separateness in both places that has grown for more than a century has continued and been reinforced, despite a growing number of links between the two countries. This book is the record of a conference that took place in Wellington in February 1968. At a time when both countries are engaged in a reassessment of their role in the world and their attitudes to each other, the conference represented a new venture in nonolficial discussion of Australian-New Zealand defence matters, and it reached a surprising degree of consensus. There are chapters on Australia's and New Zealand's perception of the threats to their security in the situation created by changes in British and United States policies in Asia; on the economies of defence; on nuclear weapons and defence science; and on trans-Tasman defence co-operation. This is a timely book which should interest the general reader as much as the political scientist and the member of Parliament.