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The shaping of Chinese foreign policy

CollectionsANU Press (1965- Present)
Title: The shaping of Chinese foreign policy
Author(s): O'Leary, Greg
Date published: 1980
Publisher: Canberra, ACT : Australian National University Press
In an era of socialist transition such as China is undergoing, the policies of the Chinese Communist Party in its relations with the capitalist world market are of necessity both complex and crucial. On the one hand the Party has sought to oppose capitalism as forcefully as possible, and on the other it has attempted to contain its hostility within such parameters as are necessary to prevent outright imperialist attack. This book deals with the period in the first half of the 1970s in which China's relations with the West were dramatically reversed - from the hostility of the 1950s and 1960s to the cautious alliance of the 1970s. Within the context of the history of Chinese foreign policy, the book analyses both the changes in international political economy and the debates within the Chinese leadership which sought an appropriate reference to them. It is argued that the dominant western analyses of China's 'turn to the west' are incorrect in their assessment that a heightened strategic fear of the Soviet Union was primarily responsible for the new policy which involved the abandonment of formerly held principles. On the contrary, it is argued, the reformation of China's foreign policy was above all a response to the flagging fortunes of international capitalism as the long post-war boom came to an end, and the application of traditionally held views to this new situation. The specific policies adopted in relation to the USA, the Soviet Union, Eastern and Western Europe, Japan and the Third World, are shown to be the logical outcome of the new analysis of the world situation made by the Chinese.


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