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ADHD symptoms and cognitive abilities in the midlife cohort of the PATH Through Life Study

Das, Debjani; Cherbuin, Nicolas; Easteal, Simon; Anstey, Kaarin

Description

Objective: ADHD is a lifelong condition, but it remains understudied in older adults. We examined the effects of ADHDrelated inattention and hyperactivity symptoms on cognitive abilities in middle-age adults. Method: ADHD symptoms and cognitive abilities were accessed in a population-based sample (N = 2,091). Multiple regression analyses evaluated the effect of dimensional and categorical measures of ADHD on performance in cognitive tests. Results: ADHD symptoms are negatively associated...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorDas, Debjani
dc.contributor.authorCherbuin, Nicolas
dc.contributor.authorEasteal, Simon
dc.contributor.authorAnstey, Kaarin
dc.date.accessioned2014-03-03T05:35:10Z
dc.date.available2014-03-03T05:35:10Z
dc.identifier.issn1087-0547
dc.identifier.other1557-1246
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/11436
dc.description.abstractObjective: ADHD is a lifelong condition, but it remains understudied in older adults. We examined the effects of ADHDrelated inattention and hyperactivity symptoms on cognitive abilities in middle-age adults. Method: ADHD symptoms and cognitive abilities were accessed in a population-based sample (N = 2,091). Multiple regression analyses evaluated the effect of dimensional and categorical measures of ADHD on performance in cognitive tests. Results: ADHD symptoms are negatively associated with measures of reaction time, processing speed, task-switching, mental flexibility, and an aggregate measure of cognition. Inattention and hyperactive symptoms have reciprocal effects on performance in some cognitive tasks. Significant subclinical effects are present. Conclusion: Our demonstration that cognitive effects of ADHD symptoms are present in the middle-age population provides the impetus to investigate whether these effects contribute to cognitive decline in late age and whether identification and treatment of ADHD symptoms in middle age might be effective in reducing late-age cognitive decline.
dc.format12 pages
dc.publisherSAGE Publications
dc.relation.ispartofThe PATH Through Life Project
dc.sourceJournal of attention disorders (2012)
dc.subjectinattention
dc.subjecthyperactivity
dc.subjectcognition
dc.subjectmiddle-age
dc.subjectpopulation-based sample
dc.titleADHD symptoms and cognitive abilities in the midlife cohort of the PATH Through Life Study
dc.typeJournal article
local.identifier.citationvolumeOnline
dc.date.issued2012-12-07
local.identifier.absfor170100 - PSYCHOLOGY
local.identifier.ariespublicationu4056230xPUB200
local.publisher.urlhttp://jad.sagepub.com/
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationAnstey, Kaarin, Australian National University
local.contributor.affiliationDas, Debjani, Australian National University
local.contributor.affiliationCherbuin, Nicolas, Australian National University
local.contributor.affiliationEasteal, Simon, Australian National University
local.bibliographicCitation.issue1
local.bibliographicCitation.startpagee86552
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpage424
local.identifier.doi10.1177/1087054712460887
local.identifier.absseo920410 - Mental Health
dc.date.updated2016-06-14T08:58:00Z
local.identifier.scopusID2-s2.0-84926343317
local.identifier.thomsonID000330510000059
dc.provenancehttp://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/issn/1087-0547/ “…author can archive pre-print on any website, Author can archive post-print on author's personal website, departmental website, institutional website or institutional repository. Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used. Publisher copyright and source must be acknowledged…” from SHERPA/RoMEO site (as at 3/03/14)
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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