The gender quota, the electoral system and women's representation in Indonesia: case studies of two district parliaments
For the 2009 elections, Indonesia implemented a gender quota provision that required political parties to have one woman for every three candidates on party lists. The quota was designed for a semi-open list electoral system where elected candidates are determined by their rank of order on party lists. However, just months before the 2009 elections, the Constitutional Court overturned the formula for electoral victory, transforming Indonesia’s electoral system...[Show more]
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