Biology and ecology of grapevine scale parthenolecanium persicae (fabricius) and frosted scale parthenolecanium pruinosum (Cocquillet) (Hemiptera : Coccidae) on Grapevines Vitis Vinifera L.
Grapevine scale (Parthenolecanium persicae Fabricius) and frosted scale (Parthenolecanium pruinosum Cocquillet) (Hemiptera: Coccidae) are significant economic pests of several deciduous fruit trees and ornamentals worldwide, including grapevines in Australia. Management using biological control and pesticides can control these scale insects however sporadic outbreaks can still occur across wine zones and districts. This thesis addressed aspects of the biology and ecology of these scales and...[Show more]
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