The May Fourth era, and its aftermath, represents one of the most
exuberant periods in Chinese literary history. Thus, it has attracted
much research and debate amongst Chinese and Western scholars. It is
not surprising that with the proliferation of literary societies and
journals during that period, each advocating and asserting its Chinese
or Western values; each competing against one another, that the most
influential groups, or the most popular journals, would incite the
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