Reduction of wheat endosperm starch phosphate content alters grain and growth characteristics
Starch is composed of linked glucan residues arranged in branched long chains. The nature of these chains means that starch is a highly insoluble carbohydrate storage form. However, the ability of starch to be degraded depends upon solubilisation of the exposed starch granule surfaces. In order for this to occur, glucan, water dikinase (GWD), and its sister enzyme, phosphoglucan, water dikinase (PWD), act to add net-negatively charged phosphate residues to the C6 and C3 carbons of glucose...[Show more]
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