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Biodiversity surrogates

Barton, Philip; Westgate, Martin; Lane, Peter; Pierson, Jennifer; Lindenmayer, David B


The use of surrogates and indicators is important because it is impossible to measure, manage and conserve all elements of biota in all ecosystems and at all times. In this chapter, we outline 10 major development, problems and opportunities associated with the identification and application of biodiversity surrogates.

CollectionsANU Research Publications
Date published: 2015
Type: Book chapter
Book Title: Indicators and Surrogates of Biodiversity and Environmental Change


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