Zonal flow generation in the improved confinement mode plasma and its role in confinement bifurcations
Unstable fluctuations develop in the initially quiescent plasma in the improved confinement mode of the H-1 heliac when the radial electric field (Er) shear exceeds some critical value. These unstable Er shear-driven modes are shown to generate zonal-flow-like poloidally symmetric potential structures, similar to those generated in the low confinement mode (Shats M G and Solomon W M 2002 Phys. Rev. Lett. 88 045001). The structures modulate their parent waves, the background Er shear and the...[Show more]; We discuss the interband light tunneling in a two-dimensional periodic photonic structure, as studied recently in experiments for optically induced photonic lattices [Trompeter et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 053903 (2006)]. We identify the Zener tunneling regime at the crossing of two Bloch bands, which occurs in the generic case of a Bragg reflection when the Bloch index crosses the edge of the irreducible Brillouin zone. Similarly, higher-order Zener tunneling involves four Bloch bands when the...[Show more]
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|Source:||New Journal of Physics|
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